Colombia

Investment & Operational Criteria

Key Indicators

Risk Premia

1.250

%

Outlook

Uncertain

Rating

B|2H|§

Ranking

61

Reserves (1P)

Total

mm boe

Oil

79

%

Summary

The operating environment is relatively stable, with continuing improvement in the tax regime, aimed at promoting investment. However, more recent experiences indicate that the regulator (ANH) is adopting a more interventialist approach to its regulation.

Updated

May 18, 2021

Country Basics

Region

Americas - South

Reserves (1P)

Oil

mm bbl

Gas

bcf

Location

ColombiaColombia

Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela.

Outline

Tax Regime
Type

Concession

Tax Regime
Notes

The current Concession Contract model was introduced in 2004 and replaced the 30 year old Ecopetrol Association Contract model. The new contracts are based on a royalty system with fundamental differences from the previous Association Contract in use in Colombia. In 2018, the ANH launched the Permanent Process of Allocation of Areas, which will allow the interested companies to request areas for exploration and production of hydrocarbons continuously, eliminating the need for carrying out bidding procedures for the allocation of areas. Under this process, the interested companies will send their proposal to the ANH, which will then make public the proposal inviting third parties to participate and bid for the allocation.

Investment & 
Operational
Climate

Security in Colombia has improved significantly in recent years, with kidnappings down from 10 cases daily in 2000 to 88 cases for all of 2019. Since the 2016 peace agreement between the government and the country’s largest terrorist organization, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombia has experienced a significant decrease in terrorist activity. Negotiations between the National Liberation Army (ELN), another terrorist organization, and the government have stalled, and the ELN continues its attacks on energy infrastructure and security forces. The ELN is one of several powerful narco-criminal operations that poses a threat to commercial activity and investment, especially in rural zones outside of government control.

Source: ESRI, Heritage Index, HMG Foreign & Commonwealth Office, US Department of State, International Trade Administration, International Law Review, Ernst & Young, Wood Makenzie & OGA data.

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